Waratah / Red Silky Oak / Alloxylon flammeum
The Protea family (Proteaceae) is spread across what was once Gondwana, through Southern Africa, Australia and South America. A great many of them, including many of the more spectacular species (many banksias, grevilleas and proteas), come from Mediterranean or arid areas of low summer rainfall. Alloxylon is found in Eastern Australia. For the most part the flowers have little or no fragrance and many are red in colour, which suggests that birds rather than insects are the main pollinators being catered for.
The New South Wales Waratah, Telopea speciosissima, is a large, long-lived shrub or tree that generally grows to about 3 m tall and is the floral emblem for the state.