There are several different types of Iris. It takes its name from the Greek word for a rainbow, referring to the wide variety of flower colours found among the many species. There are Bearded Irises both tall and dwarf varieties, bulbous ones and those that grow from rhizomes.
(I. pseudacorus is a vigorous herbaceous perennial forming extensive colonies to 1.5m in height, with bright yellow flowers up to 10cm in width, the falls with brown veining in the centre, in mid and late summer.
Common names: Iris Aquatica. Iris lutia. Yellow Flag. Yellow Iris. Fleur de Luce.
Segg. Sheggs. Daggers. Jacob’s Sword.
The story of the Iris flower dates back to Ancient Greece, when the Greek Goddess Iris, the goddess of the rainbow, acted as the messenger between heaven and earth. This rainbow goddess carried messages for the gods Hera and Zeus and back to earth by the arc of the rainbow, hence the Iris flower is the symbol of idea and messages. The rainbow refers to the wide variety of flower colours found among the many species. There are some 300 different species of iris and their flowers come in a wide variety of colours such a yellow, white and purple, pink and orange, coppery browns and even almost black.
There are bearded and beardless and crested irises. Bearded irises are called such because they have ‘beard’ of fine hairs along the centre of the ‘falls’, beardless irises often have crests and no beard. Crested irises have a ridge instead of a beard and prefer damp woodland in temperate climates. Water irises flourish in a bog-like garden.
They also come as Rhizomes or bulbs. The Reticulata group are dwarf and flower early from bulbs and are beardless, they are especially good in containers. Spring Dwarf bearded irises grow from rhizomes and are only a few inches tall and then there are the tall Dutch irises used for cut flowers. So if you want to grow irises then choose the right plant for your location.
So, the list and the possibilities seem endless.
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